Trees & Shrubs
Here are some tree and shrub descriptions that may be of use while picking out the plant that will be useful for your purpose.
- AMERICAN PLUM: Medium size. Forms dense thickets ideal for windbreaks. White flowers bloom in May, red-purple plums ripen in September. Great for Jellies.
- BUFFALOBERRY: Medium/Large - size shrub. Thorny, tree - like shrub. Produces tart, fleshy berries used in jellies. Drought resistant.
- CHOKECHERRY: Medium - size shrub. White flowers bloom in spring, cherries ripen during July. Great for making jellies and wines.
- SANDCHERRY: Low - growing shrub. White flowers. Produces sweet purple cherries, good for making jelly. 4 - 6 ft. wide thickets.
- SKUNKBUSH SUMAC: Medium - size shrub. Forms clusters of red berry-like fruit in summer.
- SERVICEBERRY/JUNEBERRY: 5 - 6 ft. White flowers in spring, followed by edible, sweet dark purple fruits in late June.
- GOLDEN CURRANT: Small shrub. Winter - hardy & drought tolerant. Yellow flowers in May. Edible fruit .
- WOODS ROSE: 4 - 6 ft. Low growing shrub. Provides dense cover wildlife. Adapted to wide variety soils.
- CARAGANA: Large spreading shrub. Provides dense cover for wildlife. Adaptable to extreme cold/wind. Tolerates all soils.
- COTONEASTER: Low growing. Dark green foliage turns brilliant red - orange in fall. Berry-like fruit. Adapted to a variety of soils.
- COMMON LILAC: Upright medium size. Fragrant white to lavender flowers bloom in May.
Native Broadleaf Trees
- BLACK WALNUT: 40 - 50 ft. Chocolat e brown wood and nut meats. Requires deep, silty - loam soil with good drainage.
- BUR OAK: 40 - 50 ft. Grows in a variety of soil, but best rich, moist bottomlands. Slow/moderate growth.
- COTTONWOOD HYBRID: 50 - 75 ft. Cottonless. Shorter life span, but faster growing than native. Rooted cutting.
- COTTONWOOD NATIVE: 50 - 75 ft. Products Cotton. Fast growing.
- GREEN ASH: 35 - 40 ft. Rapid growth. Drought and cold hardiness. Alkaline tolerance. Susceptible to Ash bore.
- HACKBERRY: 40 - 50 ft. Elm - shaped leaves grayish bark. Moderate tolerance to adverse weather.
- HONEYLOCUST: 35 - 45 ft. Fine textured foliage turns golden yellow in the fall. Long twisted/flat seed pods palatable to cattle.
- TREES SIBERIAN ELM: 40 - 50 ft. Rapid growth. Drought and cold hardiness. Tolerates alkaline soils.
- PONDEROSA PINE: 40 - 60 ft. Can withstand prolonged drought. A cluster of three needles.
- EASTERN RED CEDAR: 15 - 30 ft. Drought resistant. Russet color foliage in winter.
- ROCKY MOUNTAIN JUNIPER: 15 - 30 ft. Drought resistant - prefers alkaline soils. Bluish green foliage in winter.
- AUSTRIAN PINE: 40 - 50 ft. Pairs of needles 4 - 6 ft. long. Christmas Trees.
- BLACK HILLS SPRUCE: 25 - 45 ft. Dense slow growth, green. Shorter needles, more drought tolerant than CO Blue Spruce.
- COLORADO BLUE SPRUCE: 5 - 6 ft. White: 50 - 75 ft. Color dark green to silvery bluish green. Medium growth rate and long life span.
- SCOTCH PINE: 30 - 40 ft. Rapid growth. Susceptible to pine wilt.